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Mercedes-Benz 180D (120) Technical Specifications

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Mercedes 180D
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  • Years of Manufacture: 1953 - 1962
  • Number Built: 152,983
  • Price at Introduction:
    • 180D 1953 - 1955: DM 10,300
    • 180D 1956: DM 9,850
    • 180D 1956 - 1958: DM 9,480
    • 180D 1958 - 1961: DM 9,200
    • 180D from August 1961: DM 9,450
    • 180D from April 1962: DM 9,850
  • Date of Introduction:
    • October, 1953
  • Chassis/Body:
    • Unit Frame and Body
  • Exterior Dimensions:
    • Total Length: 176.6 inches (4485mm)
    • Total Width: 68.5 inches (1740mm)
    • Height at kerb weight: 61.4 inches (1560mm)
    • Wheelbase: 104.3 inches (2650mm)
    • Front Track: 56.3 inches (1430mm)
    • Rear Track: 58.1 inches (1475mm)
  • Kerb Weight:
    • 2684lb (1220kg)
  • Fuel Tank:
    • 14.8 gallons (56.0 litres)
  • Turning Circle:
    • 38.0 ft (11.5 metres)
  • Instruments:
    • Speedometer
    • Petrol gauge
    • Temp warning lamp
    • Oil warning lamp
  • Transmission (Manual, 4 Speed):
    • 1st: 4.05:1
    • 2nd: 2.38:1
    • 3rd: 1.53:1
    • 4th: 1.00:1
  • Clutch:
    • Single cushion disc, dry plate clutch
  • Rear Axle Ratio:
    • 3.70:1
  • Engine Speed at 100 km/h:
    • 3330 rpm
  • 0-60 mph (0-97 km/h):
    • 180: 31.0 seconds
    • 180a/180b/180c: 21.0 seconds
  • Maximum Speed:
    • 180D/180Db: 112 km/h (70 mph)
    • 180Dc: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Engine 4 Cylinder OM 636 180D / 180Db:
    • Capacity: 1767cc 107.7ci
    • Type: Watercooled four cylinder diesel, reciprocating piston type
    • Configuration: Front mounted, longitudinal, inline
    • Head: Pushrod and rocker actuated ohv with one valve per cylinder
    • Fuel System: Bosch Injection Pump
    • Bore and Stroke: 2.95 x 3.94 inches (75 x 100mm)
    • Power: 40 hp @ 3200rpm
    • Torque: 10.3 mkg @ 2000rpm (75 ft/lb)
    • Compression Ratio: 19:1
  • Engine 4 Cylinder OM 621 180Dc:
    • Capacity: 1988cc 121ci
    • Type: Watercooled four cylinder diesel, reciprocating piston type
    • Configuration: Front mounted, longitudinal, inline
    • Head: Pushrod and rocker actuated ohv with one valve per cylinder
    • Fuel System: Bosch Injection Pump
    • Bore and Stroke: 3.43 x 3.29 inches (87 x 83.6mm)
    • Power: 48 hp @ 3800rpm
    • Torque: 11.0 mkg @ 2200rpm (80 ft/lb)
    • Compression Ratio: 21:1
  • Ignition and Electrical:
    • 12 volt
    • Coil and alternator
  • Exhaust:
    • Single tail-pipe
  • Suspension:
    • Front: Independent type with coil springs
    • Rear: Swing axle with coil springs (from September 1955 single swing axle)
  • Steering:
    • Recirculating ball, ratio 18.5:1
  • Brakes:
    • 180D/180Db: Drum, 816 cm 126.5 sq in.
    • 180Dc: 1064 cm 164.9 sq in.
  • Wheels:
    • 13" Pressed steel disc wheels
  • Tyres:
    • 6.40 x 13
180D Production Schedule
Vehicle
Year
Cars Manufactured
180D (120 I) Sedan
1953
11
1954
15,532
1955
20,345
1956
21,013
1957
22,910
1958
26,693
1959
9,981
Total:
116,485
180Db (120 II) Sedan
1959
8,076
1960
11,151
1961
5,449
Total:
24,676
180Dc (120 III) Sedan
1961
4,822
1962
7,000
Total:
11,822
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