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British and European Car Spotters Guide - 1953

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1953 British and European Car Spotters Guide

For the first time since the war the British motoring public could go to the Earls Court Motor Show - October 1952 - to view the models for the coming year with the feeling that it was once again meant for them as well as their overseas contemporaries. Although, of course, the export markets conntinued to be uppermost in the minds of manuufacturers there was an atmosphere of real optimism that the home-based buyer was at least going to get a look in. The awareness of new competition both at home and abroad was reflected in the number of quite new models available from British manufacturers which included the Allard Palm Beach, Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire, Austin-Healey 100, Bentley Continental, Sunbeam Alpine and Wolseley Four-Forty Four.

Some remarkably high speeds were recorded by a number of British models during the year, albeit in modified form, including an Austin-Healey 100 which clocked 142·6 mph and a Jaguar XK120 topping 174 mph! The total number of cars produced in the UK in 1953 was a record 594,808. Of these more than half were exported, namely 307,368. Just over 2000 cars were imported and the total of new car registrations was 306,483 (including 5129 hackneys). In 1953, Humber Super Snipes and Pullmans received overhead valve engines (the Hawk got one a year later, in 1954). The Super Snipe was dropped and then re-launched in 1959, thanks to customer demand.
1953 AC 2-Litre four-door Saloon
UK

AC 2-Litre four-door Saloon

  Also see: AC Road Tests and Reviews
 
The AC 2-Litre four-door Saloon was introduced on the British market in October 1952. It was similar to the two-door version (from 1947) but fitted with narrower doors hung from the centre pillar. The 1991-cc triple-carburettor engine developed 76 bhp at 4500 rpm. The two-door model was discontinued in 1956. the four-door in 1958.
1953 <a href=
UK

Allard Palm Beach Tourer

  Also see: Allard Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Allard Palm Beach Tourer was an Open three-seater sports model available with either a Ford Consul 1508cc Four (Type 21 C) or a Ford Zephyr 2622cc Six (Type 21 Z) power unit. Fitted with fully-enveloping bodywork. this model was something entirely new for the Allard company which had. since its inception. favoured powerful V8 engines for their high-performance cars. Wheelbase was 96 in and weight (dry) was 1800 Ib (21 C) or 1900 Ib (21 Z).
1953 <a href=
UK

Allard K3 Tourer V8

  Also see: Allard Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Allard K3 Tourer was fitted with Ford V8 3622cc 95-bhp power unit as standard. but also available with Lincoln. Cadillac or Chrysler V8 engine at customers' request, this full-width bodied grand tourer was launched-mainly for export-in October 1952. replaci ng the 1950 - 1952 Model K2. A somewhat later model is shown.
1953 Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire
UK

Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire

   
 
The Armstrong Siddeley Sapphire 346 Saloon was available with either a four or six-light body, this luxuriously furnished five/six-seater featured a six-cylinder 3·4-litre 120-bhp engine, a four-speed synchromesh or electrically-operated preselector gearbox, coil spring and wishbone independent front suspension (IFS), a built-in heating/demisting and air-conditioning system, fog lamps and a reversing lamp. The two body styles-identical except for the window arrangements-had long sweeping front wings running to meet fully-spatted rear wings, yet retained the traditional radiator grille. The earlier Whitley and Hurricane models were continued.
1953 Austin A40 Somerset
UK

Austin A40 Somerset

  Also see: Austin Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Austin A40 Sports
UK

Austin A40 Sports

  Also see: Austin Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Austin A135 Princess Model DM4 Limousine
UK

Austin A135 Princess Model DM4 Limousine

  Also see: Austin Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Austin A135 Princess, Model DM4 Limousine was a long-wheelbase model, and was introduced in October 1952. This Vanden Plas coachbuilt model was an addition to the 3·9-litre engined saloon and touring limousine (from 1948) - and had an overall length some 20 in greater than the other two models and had seating for nine. The chassis was used also for special bodywork, e.g. ambulances and hearses.
1953 Austin-Healey 100 Model BN1
UK

Austin-Healey 100 Model BN1

  Also see: Austin Healey Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Austin-Healey 100, Model BN1, was powered by a 2660cc, 90-bhp four-cylinder engine. This very attractive, sleek two-seater went on show to the general public on the Healey stand at the 1952 Earls Court Motor Show and was designated the Healey Hundred. The demand completely swamped the Donald Healey Motor Company Ltd, to the extent that the Austin Motor Co. offered to take over the manufacture of the car.

By the end of the show, the Healey Hundred had become the Austin-Healey 100. Production commenced in 1953 and was continued until mid-1956 when the car was superseded by the 100 Six. From October 1954 a special export model - the 100S - was available, followed in October 1955 by the 100M which featured a LeMans engine modification kit.
1953 Bentley Continental Sports Saloon
UK

Bentley Continental Sports Saloon

  Also see: Bentley Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Bentley Continental Sports Saloon was an entirely new variant with light-alloy bodywork by H. J. Mulllner. Based on the chassis of the Mark VI Saloon (apart from a higher engine compression ratio and higher final drive ratio) this two-door four-seater had a lower body with long rear wings and sloping 'fastback' rear end styling. It was powered by a modified version of the larger 4566cc engine, introduced the previous year, which greatly improved the performance and power output. The traditional dummy filler cap and winged 'B' mascot were eliminated from the radiator shell.
1953 Bentley R Type Saloon
UK

Bentley R Type Saloon

  Also see: Bentley Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Bentley R Type Saloon was also known as the B7. This four-door model differed from the Mark VI Saloon mainly in having a lengthened and more elegant tail with the spare wheel housed in a tray under the larger boot.
1953 Bristol 403 Saloon
UK

Bristol 403 Saloon

  Also see: Bristol Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Bristol 403 Saloon was introduced in May 1953, and was identical in appearance to the 401, except for a silver grille, red medallions and the 403 scipt on the sides of the bodywork. In addition, the 1971-cc engine produced more power (100 bhp at 5400 rpm), the braking was improved and a front anti-roll bar was fitted, The Bristol 401/403 has long been regarded by many as one of the most beautiful British cars ever made.
1953 Citroen Big Fifteen Saloon
France

Citroen Big Fifteen Saloon

  Also see: Citroen Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Citroen Big Fifteen Saloon was one of the popular front wheel drive cars of French origin, although it was assembled in England at Slough, Bucks. Development of a pre-war favourite, this version was re-introduced in October 1952 (it had originally been re-introduced in France in 1947). Fitted with the same engine as the Light Fifteen Saloon 1911-cc. developing 55·7 bhp at 4250 rpm - the Big Fifteen had the same wheelbase and main body shell of the six-cylinder 2·8-litre model (1948-55).
1953 Daimler Conquest Series DJ Saloon
UK

Daimler Conquest Series DJ Saloon

  Also see: Daimler Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Daimler Conquest Series DJ Saloon was a replacement for the Consort. This six-seater model used main body pressings identical to those of the Lanchester 14. The new 2·4-litre engine which produced 75 bhp at 4000 rpm gave the Conquest sporting performance and handling, although from the point of view of styling and finish it was very much in the Daimler tradition.
1953 DKW F91 Meisterklasse
East Germany

DKW F91 Meisterklasse

   
  Page Under Construction
1953 DKW F91 Universal
East Germany

DKW F91 Universal

   
  Page Under Construction
1953 DKW Luxus Coupe
East Germany

DKW Luxus Coupe

   
  Page Under Construction
1953 DKW Meisterklasse
East Germany

DKW Meisterklasse

   
  Page Under Construction
1953 Fiat 1100
Italy

Fiat 1100

  Also see: Fiat Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Fiat 1100 103
Italy

Fiat 1100 103

  Also see: Fiat Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Ford Prefect Model E493A and Anglia Model E494
UK

Ford Prefect Model E493A and Anglia Model E494

  Also see: Ford UK Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Ford Prefect Model E493A and the smaller two-door Anglia Model E494 were in their last year of production; they were superseded by the New Prefect and New Anglia 100E in October. An economy version of the Anglia, with the old type Prefect engine, was however kept in production, designated the Popular 103E.
1953 Targa Florio Turismo
UK

Frazer-Nash Targa Florio Turismo

   
 
The Frazer-Nash Targa Florio Turismo was a high-speed touring car with entirely new full-width body styling. The windscreen. although not shown. was similar to that of the Mille Miglia model. Named after the famous race because a Frazer-Nash. in 1951 became the first British car to win this event. Also available to full competition specification-Gran Sport-including bucket seats and more powerful engine.
1953 Hillman Minx Convertible Coupe
UK

Hillman Minx Convertible Coupe

  Also see: Hillman Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Hillman Minx Phase 6
UK

Hillman Minx Phase 6

  Also see: Hillman Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Lagonda 2½-Litre Saloon and Drophead Coupe
UK

Lagonda 2½-Litre Saloon and Drophead Coupe

  Also see: Lost Marques - Lagonda
 
The Lagonda 2½-Litre Saloon and Drophead Coupe were six-cylinder-engined luxury cars with all-independent suspension, first announced in 1946. Although retaining the general lines of previous models, the Mark II Saloon (from October 1952) had a smoother and altogether tidier appearance and featured a number of notable improvements including repositioning of components beneath the bonnet to improve accessibility, revised instrument panel, wider rear seat, improved heating and demisting equipment and hydraulic jacks, The Saloon was discontinued in June 1953, the Mark I Coupe (bodied by Tickford) two months later. During the year a few Coupes were produced to Mark II specification.
1953 Lanchester Dauphin Prototype
UK

Lanchester Dauphin Prototype

   
 
The Lanchester Dauphin prototype Saloon, Model LJ250. was a two-door Hooper-bodied model with 2433cc twin-carb engine and light alloy bodywork. It was not made in quantity.
1953 Lanchester Fourteen Drophead Coupe
UK

Lanchester Fourteen Drophead Coupe

   
 
The Lanchester Fourteen Drophead Coupe was based on the Saloon. This two-door 'De Ville Convertible' model. featured a part-power-operated top as standard and had a dry weight some 84 Ib higher than the saloon, Both models were discontinued in the summer of 1954.
1953 Lancia Appia
Italy

Lancia Appia

  Also see: Lancia Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Lancia Appia
Italy

Lancia Appia

  Also see: Lancia Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Lancia Aurelia GT
Italy

Lancia Aurelia GT

  Also see: Lancia Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Lancia Aurelia GT
Italy

Lancia Aurelia GT

  Also see: Lancia Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Lancia Aurelia GT
Italy

Lancia Aurelia GT

  Also see: Lancia Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Mercedes-Benz 180
Germany

Mercedes-Benz 180

  Also see: Early Mercedes-Benz Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Morris Minor Series II
UK

Morris Minor Series II

  Also see: Morris Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Morris Minor Series II was available as two- or four-door Saloon and two-door Convertible. The arrival of the series II - unchanged externally from the preceding Series MM - heralded the switch from the old 918·6cc side-valve engine to the smaller yet more powerful 803-cc OHV unit (similar to the Austin A30 engine but with an SU carburettor) - made possible following the merger between Nuffield and Austin (BMC) in the latter half of 1951. In October 1953 the Traveller Estate Car made its debut.
1953 Morris Oxford Series MO
UK

Morris Oxford Series MO

  Also see: Morris Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Morris Oxford Series MO was available in Saloon and Estate Car (Traveller) variants. The latter had an ash-framed light alloy panelled body with sliding rear windows and vertically-hinged double back doors. Both the estate and saloon were fitted with a new chromium-plated radiator grille of different design to the zinc-alloy type used on previous Oxfords.
1953 Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn 4½-Litre Saloon
UK

Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn 4½-Litre Saloon

  Also see: Rolls Royce Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn 4½-Litre Saloon. First introduced in 1949-with the 4¼-litre engine-to meet the export demand for a 'smaller' version of the Wraith, it did not in fact become available on the home market until the autumn of 1953 by which time it had acquired the 4½-litre engine and the longer body of the R Type Bentley.
1953 Simca 9 Aronde
France

Simca 9 Aronde

  Also see: Simca Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Simca 9 Aronde
France

Simca 9 Aronde

  Also see: Simca Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Singer SM1500 Roadster Model 4AD
UK

Singer SM1500 Roadster Model 4AD

  Also see: Singer Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Singer SM1500 Roadster, Model 4AD, looked identical to the Singer Nine Roadster, but had a 1497-cc power unit and detail differences First introduced as an export-only model early in 1951, it did not become available on the home market until January 1953. During 1952 the width of the radiator grille slats was reduced and the pressure of the cooling system raised to correct earlier overheating problems.
1953 Singer SMX Roadster
UK

Singer SMX Roadster

  Also see: Singer Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Singer SMX Roadster was an experimental plastic-bodied sports model, shown at the 1953 London Motor Show. Fitted with a twinncarburettor version of the 1½-Iitre engine, it was longer and lighter than the SM1500 Roadster which it was to replace. It did not get beyond the prototype stage, however, and this was the only one ever built.
1953 Standard Eight
UK

Standard Eight

  Also see: Standard Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Standard Eight
UK

Standard Eight

  Also see: Standard Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Standard Vanguard II
UK

Standard Vanguard II

  Also see: Standard Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Standard Vanguard Phase II Saloon, Series 20S. This extensively modified version was announced in January 1953. External changes included complete restyling of the back of the car, deletion of the lower of the three radiator grille cross bars, extension of the grille to take in the side lights, and the fitting of a bullet-shaped bonnet ornament. Mechanical modifications were made to engine, clutch, steering and suspension. The Phase II Estate Car variant appeared in February.
1953 Standard Vanguard II
UK

Standard Vanguard II

  Also see: Standard Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Sunbeam Alpine Mark IIA Sports Roadster
UK

Sunbeam Alpine Mark IIA Sports Roadster

  Also see: Sunbeam Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Sunbeam Alpine Mark IIA Sports Roadster was named after the tough international rally in which the Sunbeam-Talbot 90 had been so successful. Introduced in March 1953, the Alpine was initially available only for export, most of them going to America. It was based on the 90 mechanically but with differences such as a tuned version of the 2267-cc engine, strengthened chassis and suspension, modified gearbox ratios and a straight-through silencer. The entirely new two-seater body was similar in general outline to the 90 Convertible but was immediately distinguishable by its louvred bonnet top and long rear decking. Either a single-pane windscreen plus side panels, or a curved transparent-plastic racing screen could be fitted; both are shown.
1953 Sunbeam-Talbot 90 Mark IIA Saloon
UK

Sunbeam-Talbot 90 Mark IIA Saloon

  Also see: Sunbeam Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Sunbeam-Talbot 90 Mark IIA Saloon. Modifications introduced on this version-announced in September 1952-included perforated disc wheels with new chrome hub caps and rim embellishers, the deletion of the rear-wheel spats and the fitting of larger brakes. The Convertible version was similarly modified.
1953 Triumph Renown
UK

Triumph Renown

  Also see: Triumph Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Triumph Sports Prototype Model 20SR
UK

Triumph Sports Prototype Model 20SR

  Also see: Triumph Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Triumph Sports (prototype, Model 20SR) was the forerunner of the Triumph TR2, and was first shown at the 1952 London Motor Show. The two-seater bodywork featured a rectangular open air-intake at the front, long front wings and a short rounded tail on which the spare wheel was mounted; it was supported by the fuel tank filler pipe. Luggage space was very limited. Only two were built.
1953 Triumph 2000 Renown Saloon Model 20ST
UK

Triumph 2000 Renown Saloon Model 20ST

  Also see: Triumph Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Triumph 2000 Renown Saloon, Model 20ST, had superseded the similar-looking 1800 Saloon (18T) in 1949 and was continued in production until 1954/55. It had attractive knife-edge body styling and during October 1951 - 0ctober 1952 a Limousine version had been available. The latter had 3-in longer wheelbase (9 ft 3 in) and from early 1952 this size was adopted also for the Saloon (20STA).
1953 Triumph TR2
UK

Triumph TR2

  Also see: Triumph Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Triumph TR2
UK

Triumph TR2

  Also see: Triumph Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1953 Triumph TR3
UK

Triumph TR3

  Also see: Triumph Road Tests and Reviews
  Page Under Construction
1949
UK

Wolseley Four-Forty Four Saloon

  Also see: Wolseley Road Tests and Reviews
 
The Wolseley Four-Forty Four Saloon was a replacement for the Four- Fifty (1948-53) and featured a 1250-cc OHV engine which developed 46 bhp at 4800 rpm, unitary construction, coil-spring IFS, and dimensions that made it longer, narrower and lower than its predecessor, although the wheelbase was the same.
1953 Opel Kapitan
1953 Opel Kapitan.
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